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Quantum Computing

Quantum Computing: A Next leap in the Evolution of Computing

For the world, the computing industry has always been introducing new technologies and innovations. Till now, we come across two big leaps in this industry. First is the jump from vacuum tubes to transistors and microprocessors. The second is the shrinking of personal computers to a smartphone. However, this time computing industry take a big leap a shift toward quantum computing.

Quantum Computing is a strange word for many of us. To know everything about this next stage of computing: What it is, how will a quantum compute data center work? and its impact on the real world.

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An Insight on Quantum Computing 

Quantum computing is a new ultra-powerful generation of computer technology. The computers that are involved in this technology are 158 million times faster than the most sophisticated supercomputer we have at the present. 

You can estimate the power of Quantum computing from the fact that the work it does in 4 minutes, is the same work traditional computers accomplish in 10000 years. 

To understand more about the power of Quantum computing, let’s delve into this with us.

What is Quantum Computing?

Quantum computing is a rapidly-emerging technology that is centered around the principles of Quantum Physics. It includes entanglement, superposition, and quantum interference which are used to solve extremely complex problems. When these unique features of quantum physics apply to computing then it introduces a new concept which is well-known as Quantum Computing.

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Currently, IBM, Google, Microsoft, and Amazon all are looking into it. 

Unlike traditional computing where the system encodes in 0 or 1 bits, Quantum computing uses quantum bits or we can say qubits. It harnesses the unique subatomic particle ability that allows them to exist in more than one state (i.e., a 1 and a 0 at the same time).

How does Quantum computing work?

Quantum computers are sophisticated and small machines that require less energy than supercomputers. The processor uses this technology to perform operations and multidimensional quantum algorithms are Qubits.

The working of a quantum computer is classified into three parts:

  1. A space that houses the qubits
  2. A method for transferring signals to the qubits
  3. A traditional computer executes a program and sends instructions

The space where qubit is stored is kept at a temperature just above absolute zero to maximize their coherence and reduce interference. Apart from this, the other types of housing a qubit includes the use of a vacuum chamber to help minimize vibrations and stabilize the qubits.

Microwaves, laser, and voltage are a few methods through which qubits get signals.

What are the different types of Quantum Computers?

Primarily, quantum computing is divided into three types and each type differs by the amount of processing power (qubits) needed and the number of possible applications, as well as the time required to become commercially viable.

1. Quantum Annealing

This type of Quantum computing is best for solving optimization issues. Researchers are working on this type to find the best and most efficient possible configuration of variables among many possible combinations.

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Recently, Volkswagen in collaboration with Google and D-Wave Systems (a developer of Quantum annealer) organized a quantum experiment to optimize traffic flows in the overcrowded city of Beijing, China. Their algorithm actually worked in reducing the traffic by choosing the ideal path but, it is tough to say whether it actually has any real ‘quantumness’ so far or not.

2. Quantum Simulations

This type of Quantum computing among the other two is used to explore specific problems in quantum physics that are beyond the capacity of classical systems. 

3. Universal Quantum Computing

This type of Quantum computer is considered the most powerful and most generally applicable but also complicated to build. Remarkably, this type of quantum computer is built by using over 100,000 qubits, the estimation goes up to 1M qubits. The basic purpose for building this universal quantum computer is that you could instruct the machine on any massively complex issue and get a quick solution. 

This includes solving the previously mentioned annealing equations, simulating quantum phenomena, and more.

What will Quantum Computers do?

Standard computers can do what they are instructed to do by computer programnme by a human. These type of computers has limitations they can’t predict things accurately like a weather forecast. They are not so smart in changing too many things quickly.

However, quantum computers are rapid and can predict things accurately because of their limitless number of outcomes and permutations simultaneously. If there is a need for quick prediction or a piece of analysis then the best solution is quantum computers.

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How to Prepare Your Data Center for Quantum Computing?

With each passing day, technology becomes more complex and multifaceted due to which you can’t rely only on supercomputers to solve issues. Hence, to overcome the situation in which supercomputers lack, Quantum computing comes into the scene.

As quantum computers harness the properties of quantum mechanics, they allow a new way of programming that is exponentially more powerful than what is possible with binary code. By incorporating infrastructure to host these quantum computers into their cloud computing data centers, providers will be able to provide customers with better services to improve their businesses. 

It helps businesses tackle wide-scale and complex problems such as drug discovery, financial risk management, macroeconomic modelling, and molecular modelling with this technology.

The Bottom Line

As compared to classical computing, Quantum computing is different in how it operates and what it’s used for. 

As a result, the power of quantum computing is much higher than our thinking. It can be used for big data analysis or simulations. However, there has not been a marketable quantum computer developed yet.

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