What is Linux and How to Use ?

Linux is an open source operating system similar to Windows, iOS and Mac OS. The operating system allows the software to communicate with the hardware. In 1991 Linus Torvalds launched the Linux operating system along with some applications. This is how one of the most popular Operating systems came into existence.  

Linux Operating System

The best part about Linux is that it allows the users to design their own operating systems. Linux is completely free of cost which makes it a cost effective operating system. Nowadays you can find a variety of Linux operating systems like Debian, Knoppix, Ubuntu, and Fedora.

The Linux operating system comprises several different pieces:

Bootloader - It is the software that manages the boot process of your computer. The software that manages the boot process of your computer. 

Kernel - It is the most crucial part of the operating system. It assists in the management of the CPU, memory and peripheral devices. 

Init system - It is a sub system charged with controlling Daemons. 

Daemons - These are the services running in the background such as sound, printer, scheduling, etc. 

Graphical server - It is the sub system used for displaying graphics on the monitor. 

Desktop environment - it is used for user interaction. There are plenty of desktop environments like GNOME, Cinnamon, Mate, Pantheon, Enlightenment, KDE, Xfce, etc. 

Applications - Most of the Linux distributions come with tools that can be used for application installation. Ubuntu Linux comes with Ubuntu software center.  

What Are The Advantages of Linux Operating System:

. Linux is open source. This means any programmer can customize the operating system to match their unique requirements.


. Linux is an ideal operating system for beginners.

. It comes with millions of software and applications

Linux is one of the most secure operating systems in the world. The large community of users constantly works to improve its security parameters.

. Linux is a reliable operating system. This is the reason why companies like Amazon, Google and Facebook use Linux. 

Linux is a user friendly operating system. It is an ideal operating system for beginners with limited technical knowledge. Linux is much easier to use than Windows operating system. Most of the Linux operating system and software are absolutely free of cost. 

Which Linux distribution should you choose?

Linux Mint: It is easy to install, easy to use and requires less technical knowledge.

Debian: If you are looking for a free Linux distribution then you should definitely choose Debian.

Ubuntu: It is easy to use and easy to install.

OpenSUSE: It is a bit complicated but nevertheless it is a good operating system.

Fedora: It is the latest Linux distribution with all the updates. 

Mageia: It is the new and improved version of Mandriva Linux. It is easy to install and easy to use.

CentOS: It is based on the commercial Linux distribution.

Manjaro: It is easy to use and up to date.

LXLE: It is based on the Lubuntu distribution. It is a fully featured Linux for older hardware.

Arch: It is a rolling distribution which means it updates automatically.

Elementary: If you are looking for a Mac-style interface then this one is for you.

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